Science of Mind

Select the BEST response alternative for each of the questions below.

1. Patients suffering from clinical amnesia are characterized by a disorder in their:
A) memory.
B) ability to recognize patterns.
C) speech.
D) ability to comprehend language.
2. Introspection CANNOT be used to study:
A) topics that are strongly colored by emotion.
B) mental events that are unconscious.
C) processes that involve conceptual knowledge.
D) events that take a long time to unfold.
3. The process of taking observable information and inferring a cause is known as:
A) mentalistic inference.
B) the transcendental method.
C) cause and effect.
D) introspection.
4. One important difference between classical behaviorism and cognitive psychology is that cognitive psychology:
A) argues that unobservable mental states can be scientifically studied.
B) rejects the use of human participants.
C) insists on studying topics that can be directly and objectively observed.
D) emphasizes the evolutionary roots of human behavior.
5. The "cognitive revolution" is named as such because:
A) the change was accompanied by violence.
B) the focus changed from animals to humans.
C) philosophers such as Kant were strongly opposed to the change.
D) the focus changed from behaviors to the processes underlying those behaviors.
6. In cognition, as in other sciences, we first develop ________ and then ________ them.
A) tests; prove
B) hypotheses; prove
C) hypotheses; test
D) theories; test
7. Working memory acts to:
A) store an unlimited amount of information.
B) keep relevant information active for a short period of time.
C) store a limited amount of information for an unlimited amount of time.
D) store irrelevant information so it does not influence long-term memory.
8. Span tests measure:
A) working-memory capacity.
B) the size of the phonological buffer.
C) whether there is a central executive.
D) articulatory loop processing.
9. Subvocalization is also known as:
A) the reading buffer.
B) the inner ear.
C) the inner voice.
D) memory speech.
10. In using the articulatory rehearsal loop, the central executive temporarily relies on storage in:
A) a phonological buffer.
B) a subvocal bank.
C) episodic memory.
D) a visual form in visual memory.
11. A participant hears the sequence "F, D, P, U, G, Q, R," and then, a moment later, must repeat the sequence aloud. If errors occur in this procedure, they are likely to involve:
A) sound-alike confusions; for example, "T " instead of "D."
B) look-alike confusions; for example, "O " instead of "Q."
C) confusions with near neighbors in the alphabet; for example, "G " instead of "F."
D) confusions because of strong associations; for example, "I " instead of "Q " because of the familiarity of "IQ."
12. We know the articulatory rehearsal loop is separate from the other components of working memory because:
A) the multicomponent model is true.
B) manipulations like concurrent articulation compromise the loop but do not affect the other components.
C) it is used for storage and the other components are not.
D) problem solving does not require the rehearsal loop.
13. Participants in an experiment are shown a series of digits and then asked to repeat them back a moment later. While being shown the sequence, the participants are required to say, "tah, tah, tah," out loud, over and over again. The evidence indicates that the recitation of "tah, tah, tah" will:
A) have no effect on participants' memory performance.
B) provide a rhythm that helps organize participants' rehearsal of the digits, thereby improving their memory performance.
C) block participants from using subvocalization to rehearse the digits, thereby interfering with the memory task.
D) force participants to rely on the central executive rather than on a less powerful lower-level assistant, thereby improving memory performance.
14. Even though the articulatory loop cannot be seen directly, we are confident it exists because:
A) it is the only possible explanation.
B) without it, we could not remember phone numbers.
C) people with anarthria show deficits in the phonological buffer.
D) behavioral manipulations, like articulatory suppression, suggest it is a distinct component.
15. Evidence from anarthric (speechless) patients suggests that:
A) the muscles necessary for speech are also needed for subvocalization.
B) subvocalization does not use words.
C) the muscles needed for speech are not needed for subvocalization.
D) these patients are unable to subvocalize.

End of Quiz!

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The correct answers are marked by a "C" in the box before each question. The incorrect questions are marked by an "X".