Interconnections Between Acquisition and Retrieval

Select the BEST response alternative for each of the questions below.

1. Because of the effects of context-dependent learning, students might find it wise to:
A) use mnemonic devices as a study aid.
B) study only when they are entirely sober.
C) focus on their instructor's intended meaning rather than the exact words.
D) prepare for their examinations under conditions similar to the test conditions.
2. Participants are asked, "In the list of words I showed you earlier, was there a word that rhymed with 'lake'?" The participants are likely to be well prepared for this sort of memory test if they:
A) used maintenance rehearsal when trying to memorize the words.
B) paid attention to the sounds of the words when trying to memorize them.
C) paid attention to the appearance of the words when trying to memorize them.
D) relied on perceptual fluency when studying the words.
3. Theories of spreading activation assume that activating one node will lead to:
A) "downstream" nodes also being activated.
B) all connected nodes being activated.
C) a subset of connected nodes to be activated.
D) unconnected nodes to be suppressed.
4. An investigator asks, "Can you remember what happened last Tuesday at noon while you were sitting in the back room of Jane's Restaurant?" This is an example of a question relying on:
A) recognition.
B) implicit memory.
C) procedural memory.
D) recall.
5. Lexical decision tasks require participants to:
A) remember previously shown items.
B) quickly respond "old" or "new" to pictures of items.
C) provide the meaning of target words.
D) make "word" or "nonword" decisions when presented with letter strings.
6. Because of the influence of implicit memory, participants judge:
A) unfamiliar sentences to be more believable.
B) familiar sentences to be more believable.
C) familiar sentences to be more believable, but only if they heard the sentence from a trustworthy source.
D) unfamiliar sentences to be more believable, but only if they have forgotten the source of the familiar sentences.
7. Participants listen to a series of sentences played against a background of noise. Some of the sentences are identical to sentences heard earlier (without the noise), but other sentences heard in the noise are new. In this setting, participants will perceive:
A) the unfamiliar sentences heard as louder than the familiar sentences.
B) the unfamiliar sentences as being clearer than the familiar sentences.
C) the noise as being less loud when it accompanies the familiar sentences.
D) no difference between the unfamiliar and the familiar sentences.
8. In many circumstances, participants correctly recognize that a stimulus is familiar but they are mistaken in their beliefs about where and when they encountered the stimulus. This error is referred to as:
A) source confusion.
B) amnesia.
C) origin error.
D) false identification.
9. A friend of yours has recently grown a beard. When you encounter him, you realize at once that something about his face has changed but you are not certain what has changed. We can conclude from this that:
A) you detected the decrease in fluency in your recognition of your friend's face.
B) your memory of your friend's face is influenced by context-dependent learning.
C) you are displaying an instance of source amnesia.
D) you are being influenced by the fact that there are fewer men with beards than men without beards.
10. The famous patient H. M. was unable to remember events he experienced after his brain surgery. The surgery apparently produced:
A) repression.
B) anterograde amnesia.
C) retrograde amnesia.
D) infantile amnesia.
11. Current evidence indicates that patients suffering from Korsakoff's amnesia:
A) show greater disruption in implicit memory than in explicit memory.
B) suffer from disruption in both implicit and explicit memory.
C) show intact implicit memory with perceptual cues but disrupted implicit memory with conceptual cues.
D) have preserved implicit memory despite severe disruption in explicit memory.
12. Double dissociations in memory are important because they:
A) provide strong evidence for separate memory systems.
B) remain unchallenged by contemporary standards.
C) provided early evidence of the extent of H. M.'s amnesia.
D) suggest that damage to any area of the brain will impact all memory functioning.

End of Quiz!

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The correct answers are marked by a "C" in the box before each question. The incorrect questions are marked by an "X".