Perceiving and Recognizing Objects

Directions:
Select the BEST response alternative for each of the questions below.


1. Which of the following areas is/are not part of extrastriate cortex?
A) V1.
B) V2.
C) V3.
D) V4.
E) Both V2 and V4.
2. Evidence indicates that structures in ________ cortex are especially important in end-stage object recognition processes.
A) striate
B) inferotemporal
C) occipital
D) parietal
E) frontal
3. A study of cells in IT cortex showed that they responded to very specific stimuli, such as:
A) faces.
B) celebrities.
C) colors.
D) motion.
E) animals.
4. A ________ process is one that carries out a computation (e.g., object recognition) one neural step after another, without the need for feedback from a later stage to an earlier stage.
A) reentrant
B) feedback
C) feed-forward
D) synchronous
E) poly-synchronous
5. Which Gestalt grouping principle states that elements that change at the same time should be grouped together?
A) Synchrony.
B) Common fate.
C) Good continuation.
D) Parallelism.
E) Similarity.
6. Which of the following is a viewing position that produces some regularity in the visual image that is not present in the world?
A) Accidental viewpoint.
B) Pose.
C) Rotation.
D) Good continuation.
E) Image template.
7. The word “figure” in the term “figure-ground assignment” refers to:
A) a group of separate lines that must be combined into a single object contour.
B) the number of distinct objects in an image.
C) the main object that is to be recognized in an image.
D) a “correct” interpretation of an ambiguous figure.
E) the background upon which an object is located.
8. Which of the following is not one of the principles for summarizing middle vision?
A) Bring together that which should be brought together.
B) Split asunder that which should be split asunder.
C) Use what you know.
D) Avoid accidents.
E) Seek ambiguity and avoid consensus.
9. Which of the following is not a cortical area that has been identified as processing very specific forms of visual stimuli?
A) Fusiform face area (FFA).
B) Parahippocampal place area (PPA).
C) Extrastriate motion pericomplex (EMP).
D) Extrastriate body area (EBA).
E) Middle temporal area (MT).
10. Which of the following is an entry-level category term?
A) Bird.
B) Sparrow.
C) Animal.
D) Limousine.
E) All of the above.
11. Which of the following is a superordinate level category term?
A) Car.
B) Station wagon.
C) Vehicle.
D) Limousine.
E) All of the above.
12. What kind of processes in the brain send signals back downstream to earlier areas after initial processing?
A) Recursive.
B) Feed-forward.
C) Reentrant.
D) Dorsal.
E) Ventral.


End of Quiz!

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The correct answers are marked by a "C" in the box before each question. The incorrect questions are marked by an "X".